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The Hjemland-class Sailing Vessel is the result of a request for prototype development issued by Queen Ashla of Barisea, to provide her Naval Forces with a sailing flagship. The order was, in coordination with the Queen, modified to something more technically possible and capable in its intended role.

These modifications include the possibility to be adapted as a Sail-Training Vessel and Ceremonial Flagship in the future – or the present, should the customer wish so. Like with the Majestic-class Boat before her, SDY's Yard 15 closely cooperated with Bád Industries Limited, who usually build pinnaces and yawls for our vessels.

Design

The Hjemland-class Sailing Vessel is a 4,000 tons heavy, 102.5 metres long sailing vessel with three masts, closely resembling the Taiscéalaí-Type Vessel, a type of sailing vessel used in the 19th century as a exploration and transport vessel.

It is a monohull design build of fibreglass with aluminium masts, light and still strong enough to support both the weight and the construction itself. The decks are planked with wood.

Watertight hatches, amongst them the cargo hatch, lead below deck, of which there are six full decks and two additional ones: The Main Deck, the Upper Gun Deck, the Lower Gun Deck, the Berthing, the Orlop and the Hold. Additionally, there is the Quarterdeck at the stern of the vessel with a small cabin mounted on it, giving the ship an additional Poop (which has nothing to do with the vulgar term for bodily functions, but actually stems from the French term of la poupe, which means stern).

Propulsion

As typical for Taiscéalaí-Type Vessels, or Explorer-Type Vessels, as they are called in international scientific literature, are distant cousins of the Barquentine rig used in the 19th century, with a square-rigged foremast and fore-and-aft rigged main and mizzen masts.

It requires a smaller crew then fully square-rigged ships, offering good performance before the wind and and the ability to sail close to the wind as well, all while carrying a big load – of course, the Hjemland-class Sailing Vessel is not a cargo vessel, but the other main advantages still apply. The fore-and-aft rigged sails can be operated easily and efficiently, while the square-rig offers the long-distance speed required by modern sailing vessels, while also retaining the 'cool look' of a square-rigged mast appearing on the horizon.

Power is generated via wind generators atop of the masts, each one metre high, providing enough power for all the electrical systems aboard and storing the excess in battery packs beneath the masts. Additionally, the Hjemland-class Sailing Vessel is fitted with two hydrogenerators, which use the forward motion of the vessel to generate power and to store it in the batteries.

The electrical parts of the vessel are specifically designed to be maintained by a car mechanic, if necessary.

Crew

The Hjemland-class Sailing Vessel is crewed by 250 men and women ship's crew, plus optional space for an additional 130 cadets on cruise, see Retrofit Kit Cadets.

In addition to the crew and a small complement of marines, or so-inclined soldiers, the Hjemland-class Sailing Vessel needs a certain amount of stewards aboard to operate completely up to its capabilities due to the amenities of the vessel. Depending on the individual preferences in counts and skills, the estimated minimum number of stewards needed is around two dozen people for the basic version.

This, of course, changes with additional amenities.

Amenities

The Hjemland-class Sailing Vessel comes in the basic configuration with a luxury suit on the Quarterdeck to house VIPs and guests of the vessel, which has exclusive access to a balcony at the stern of the vessel, which can also be used as a small outdoor dining area. The exact interior decoration is up to the customer itself, while a bathroom is provided.

Beneath that, at the stern of the Upper Gun Deck, are two suites for diplomatic guests, their entrance and exits to the deck separated from the Gun Deck by a wooden wall, which also supports the superstructure. These suites' interior decoration is up to the customer himself, but a small bathroom is provided for both suites.

The Commander is housed in a small deckhouse underneath the mizzen mast, aft of the cargo hatch. While, again, the exact interior decoration of the vessel is up to the customer, the deckhouse includes a radio room, with the radio using the mizzen mast as an antenna, as well as the space for an Admiral's staff to work from and an Operations Centre, as well as a secondary bridge, should the primary one be unusable.

The Main Deck can be, with a few quick modifications, transformed into an outdoor ball room, including lighting, buffet, as well as provision to be roofed with oilskin tarps to ward off rain. Security railing for less navally inclined visitors can be build up as well.

The galley, placed on the berthing deck, is equipped with state-of-the-art cooking and food storage facilities, including fridges, deep freezers and a few others. Secured against possible fires by both manual fire extinguishers and a fire sprinkler system. Before installation of domestically produced devices, we recommend reading the manuals. Most of the hearths are induction hearths, but gas cookers can be fitted as well (we highly recommend induction hearths).

The Berthing for the Crew and additional personnel on board was inspired by capsule hotels, the first vessel of SDY's production to receive such a berthing arrangement, as these are cheap and small enough to provide a maximum amount of comfortable accommodations for the crew including privacy by curtain. The capsules, modular and relocatable fibreglass blocks, measure 2.5 metres in length, 1.25 metres in width and 1.5 metres in height, with a small mattress of 2.25 metres in length and 1 metre in width being provided. A closable cupboard running along the side of the capsule provides storage space for the inhabitant's belongings, while a locker is for larger stuff. A foldout panel by the entrance to the capsule is usable as a working surface. Cleaning facilities are communal.

Boats

The Hjemland-class Sailing Vessel comes with five boats, two tenders of ten metres, two cutters of nine metres and a captain's boat of eleven metres. The tenders and the cutters are held on gravity davits, which can be manned on deck level and then can be lowered into the water by one man releasing the brake.

The captain's boat itself is a cabin cruiser, equipped with a toilet, a galley and three berths, one in a 'captain's room' and two in the aft cabin, as well as a small dining area. The model also comes equipped with heating, air conditioning and power generators, as well as a small water heater.

Alternatively, the captain's boat can be replaced by a Majestic-class Boat at no additional costs.

Several pushplates along the waterline and a reinforced boat structure guarantee, that the boats can be used as pushboats to manoeuvre the vessel into the desired position, for example for docking.

The boats are provided by Bád Industries at no additional costs.

Retrofit Kits

The Hjemland-class Sailing Vessel can be used in numerous ways, which can all be achieved by the Retrofit Kits. Please keep in mind, that the equipment installed, especially in case of the Armament Kits, is permanently installed, no removal possible without tearing apart the vessel itself.

Armament Kit A

Armament Kit A consists of four 190mm breech-loading rifled guns with 45 calibres, the specially developed Gabha G-990, and eight 135mm breech-loading rifled guns, the specially developed Gabha G-991, as well as eight Saluting Guns. Ammunition for both is stored on their respective gun decks in an armoured box with conveyor belts, either hand- or electrically-operated, bringing the rounds to their respective guns.

The G-990 is a derivative of the 190mm guns planned to be used on never-built SDF-Navy Heavy Cruisers in the first half of the 20th century, mounted in a box battery on the Lower Gun Deck, giving a heavy broadside, especially due to the guns range of 20 kilometres and a traverse of fourty degrees to the left and the right. The specially reinforced barrel, or built-up gun, can withstand the explosion of stronger charges then cordite as well, ease of reloading is guaranteed by a breech block.

The G-991 is a derivative of the 135mm guns used on SDF-Navy Light Cruisers and which have been planeed as the Heavy Cruiser's secondary armament in the first half of the 20th century. Grouped into four groups of two, two close to the stern, two by the bow in their own little battery boxes, these 135mm guns fire a 36 kilograms shell over a distance of 21 kilometres at a higher rate of fire then the G-990, thanks to a smaller calibre and smaller shells. Each gun has a traverse of thirty degrees to either side.

Both the G-990 and the G-991 can be loaded with many different kinds of ammunition, amongst others High-Explosive, Armour-Piercing, APDS, APDSFS and many more.

Armament Kit A also involves the armouring of the Gun Decks with armoured steel.

Purchasing Armament Kit A will block the Gun Decks from any other kind of modification.

Armament Kit B

Armament Kit B consists of eight Saluting Guns on the Main Deck, guns with make a whole lot of noise and produce a huge puff of smoke when fired straight into the air, in order to salute dignitaries or harbours when arriving. Their main function is diplomatic courtesy.

Sensors and Communications Equipment

The Hjemland-class Sailing Vessel comes in its basic functionality with a fully equipped with a radio room and a GPS Receiver. This can be expanded, if that is wished, by adding a Surface Search Radar, a Navigation Radar and a satellite uplink system.

All of this would be installed on the masts, in part using the masts as antennas.

Oceanographic Research Equipment

In addition to any other equipment on board, the Hjemland-class Sailing Vessel can be used as a Oceanographic Research Vessel, given the right equipment. That includes equipment to survey the physical, chemical and biological characteristics of water, atmosphere and climate, as well as equipment of hydrographic sounding of the seabed and other environmental sensors.

Control, storage and maintenance facilities for unmanned underwater vehicles and medical facilities for divers can be included as well, although the UUVs replace the two cutters. A mobile catapult for small UAVs can be fitted as well.

The Oceanographic Research Facilities are constructed to be fitted on the Gun Decks.

Generators

A must if additional electrical systems are to be installed, a diesel generator of 2000 kW can be installed on the Orlop Deck together with the fuel tanks. It provides the necessary power for all electrical equipment one might need on board, including more advanced sensors.

A generator bars the Orlop Deck from any other kind of modification, but can be installed together with an IEP-system.

IEP

If the customer wishes, the Hjemland-class vessel can be equipped with an Integrated Electrical Propulsion System, providing power to the vessel via a diesel generator of 4000 kW, which not only drives the additional electrical equipment aboard, but also an electrical engine, which is, together with a set of two small controllable propellers, are able to act as auxiliary engines and to speed the vessel up to 11 knots even without wind.

An IEP-System bars the Orlop Deck from any other kind of modification, but can be installed together with an IEP-system.

Cadets

The Hjemland-class Sailing Vessel can be modified to accommodate up to 130 cadets for sail training and other purposes. Being placed on the Berthing-Deck, the cadets in question will receive the same amenities then the other sailors aboard.

History

Sailing, using the power of the wind to propel a vessel forward, is one of the oldest ways of indeed going to sea, moving to distant shores in order to trade, settle and do a whole lot of other things in the process.

In the closing years of the 17th century, boat-builders of the Free Lands developed vessels which were later called the Early Taiscéalaí-Type Vessels or Explorer-Type Vessels. Easy to operate, fast even when loaded to the brim, needing only little in the way of an actual crew, these vessels were the pride of their owners, who sailed the oceans wide on them.

They weren't really wide spread due to the costs involved in actually building such vessels and these vessels themselves being used for a magnitude of different purposes, usually far away from larger harbours – the first settlers of the town, that would later become Rua in the Northern Islands, in fact came with a Early Taiscéalaí-Type Vessels. They were, however, not without faults, so the Taiscéalaí-Type Vessels had some much needed improvements, amongst them a larger cargo hold and a new rigging, which made the Taiscéalaí-Type Vessels more resistant to storms and faster in general.

With the advent of steam engines as method of propulsion for vessels, the Taiscéalaí-Type Vessels fell out of use and were slowly, but steadily moved to different roles, which could not be filled by steam-powered vessels, only to be replaced there as well. The last newly built Taiscéalaí-Type Vessels was put into service in 1932, serving as a survey ship for the Northern Islands Constabulary.

As in early 2017 the Queen of Barisea, Ashla, came to Silverport Dockyards Limited with the request for a flagship for her navy, which was something SDY agreed to construct with the help of Bád Industries, with whom we worked together before quite successfully.

In agreement with Queen Ashla, the original plans for the vessel were changed a bit and adapted for adaptability - together, a new vessel fit for a multitude of operations was born: The Hjemland-class Sailing Vessel, usable in a multitude of different functions, from war to training.

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