History of Shipbuilding in Nouvelle-Dunkerque
Nouvelle-Dunkerque can look back on a long and strong maritime tradition,
Types of Vessels in the 17th Century
The Avenant - The Rider
The Bateourier - The Post-Ship
The Bateourier, or the Post-Ship, came up in the latter half of the 17th century. They were characterized by their long bowsprit, oftentimes reaching half the length of the hull, and their large sail plan with multiple headsails. They possessed excellent maneuverability and were excellent at sailing windward. They were, however, usually only lightly armed, with six to ten small cannons, usually four-pounders. Some Bateouriers carried at least two of these guns as chase-guns.
Bateouriers usually had one, uninterrupted deck, the hull rarely being longer then 30 metres, the beam rarely wider then 8 metres. Usually, around 50 to 60 men crewed these largest Bateourier.
Types of Vessels in the 18th Century
The Flotseau - The Wave-Flyer
This vessel is, what to this day, a pirate ship is in Nouvelle-Dunkerque, a relatively small, agile vessel, which came into use in the 1680s, but which celebrated its breakthrough in the 1710s. Seen as the archetype of these vessels is the Pirate Vessel Goéland, which roamed the seas from 1714 to 1726 with the construction being the best-documented of all the vessels of this type.
With a length of around 40 metres (including bowsprit) and a beam of up to ten metres, these vessels could be armed with up to 20 heavy guns, usually around 100 millimetre in calibre and with shots of around 3.75 kg. Of these guns, up to six were mounted at the bow as chase guns, although four is the most usual number. These vessels had a full crew of 200 to 250 men. When available, the Flotseau was armed with Bore Hole Guns of Gabha Blacksmiths Limited, but the company rarely sold these guns - most examples were captured from Selkie-Merchantmen.
The Hâut - The ones with the High Masts
The Graisse - The Fat Ones
Types of Vessels in the 19th Century
The Boifoncé - The ones built from dark wood
The Vapeur - The Steamy
The first marine auxiliary engines powered by steam in Nouvelle-Dunkerque were used on 1846's